Patience, Persistence and Consistency are the keys to potty training. Pugs can be stubborn about housebreaking.
Puppies under 12 weeks really don't have much control.  There are basically 2 choices. Outside training or litterbox

If you chose outdoors. The key is watching for the sign and taking them out quickly. My puppies run around in
circles. Some dogs pace around. By the time they give the sign you have a millisecond to get them out. HaHa! I
know it is more than a millisecond, but it sure seems that short.

Puppies need to be taken out first thing in the morning, and around every two hours, they also may need out 10 to
15 minutes after eating, immediately after waking up from a nap, after heavy play, right before bed and maybe even
a trip out at night.

If they have an accident clean up the mess* and put the mess where you want the puppy to "go" then show them
where the mess is. This is true for any method. Pugs really want to please you. Show them you are displeased when
"going" in the wrong place and if they "go" in the right place be sure to show them you are pleased!

We paper train first. Puppies naturally will leave their sleeping, eating area to eliminate. Puppies as young as 2 1/2
week old puppies will do this. As the puppies get older and "go" on the paper all the time, we slowly put the paper
closer to an outside door. The final step is putting the paper outside. Then after a while the "go" outside all the time.

*Be sure to clean the wrong potty spot thoroughly with vinegar or enzyme cleaner. The solution for the vinegar
mixture is 1/4 cup of white vinegar, a squirt of liquid detergent, 1 quart of warm water. Please test in a discrete area
to make sure it doesn't stain or anything. We buy a product called Out! Pet Stain and Odor Remover®. It works
well too.

There is a new litter box system for dogs similar to a cat's litter box. Basically the method is the same except
that instead of rushing outdoors, you put the puppy in its litter box. Some litters are made of newspaper and are
flushable. The people we know who use it say there is little smell and they like it. We think the biggest advantage is
that it is self contained and the trips outside aren't necessary. A big PLUS in an apartment or for someone who is
gone a lot. Another way of doing this is just putting down wee-wee pads or newspaper in one place and cleaning
them up when necessary.

Are you crate training? Here are some hints about crate training. The thought behind crate training is that a dog will
NOT eliminate in his den (sleeping place, bedding, eating place, etc.) Begin by getting a medium size crate (18” W
x 24” x 21” H). Every day put a favorite toy or the PUG’S dinner in the crate. Allow him to spend some time in his
cozy crate with the door open.  In a few days after the he has grown used to the crate close the door for a few
moments, but stay in the room doing some normal activity. Then let the PUG out. In a few days close the door and
leave the room for a moment.  Begin increasing the time every day until your PUG feels at home in his crate.
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